Epidemiology of esophagus cancer in north of Minas Gerais – MG

Mariana Paranhos Magalhães, Nathália Paranhos Magalhães, Gustavo Veloso Pereira, Rodrigo Mendes de Freitas, Victor Augusto Santos Condé, Romeu Godinho Gonçalves, Karina Andrade de Prince

Resumo

 

EPIDEMIOLOGIA DO CÂNCER DE ESÔFAGO NO NORTE DE MINAS GERAIS-MG

 

Epidemiology of esophagus cancer in north of Minas Gerais – MG

 

Resumo: O câncer de esôfago é uma das neoplasias mais frequentes e o quarto mais comum na população masculina. Objetivo: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico e hospitalar do câncer de esôfago, no Norte de Minas Gerais, a fim de identificar mudanças que possam subsidiar ações para promover a redução dessa enfermidade. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de corte transversal, cuja fonte de dados foi o Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS). A população alvo foi composta por pacientes portadores do câncer de esôfago, registrados no norte de Minas Gerais, entre os anos de 2008 a 2017. Resultados: Foram registradas 4395 internações no período estudado, com aumento significativo entre os anos de 2008 a 2016. O sexo masculino foi responsável por 81,52% das internações. Em contrapartida, a taxa de mortalidade foi maior no sexo feminino, apesar do número de óbitos ser predominante no sexo masculino (78,98%). A faixa etária mais acometida foi dos 50-59 anos, com predomínio da raça parda. Montes Claros e Bocaiúva foram as regiões mais acometidas. Além disso, houve um domínio do serviço privado, com 67,40%. Conclusão: Esses dados permitiram caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico e hospitalar do câncer de esôfago no Norte de Minas. Verifica-se que homens pardos apresentam uma alta taxa de internação em virtude da doença. Em virtude do progressivo aumento do número de internações por câncer de esôfago e o grande impacto socioeconômico dessa enfermidade em nosso meio, observa-se uma necessidade de melhoria nas políticas públicas de prevenção dessa enfermidade.

 

Abstract: Esophageal cancer is one of the most common neoplasms and the fourth most common in the male population. Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and hospital profile of esophageal cancer in the North of Minas Gerais, in order to identify changes that may subsidize actions to promote the reduction of this disease. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, whose data source was the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System (SIH/SUS). The target population was composed of patients with esophageal cancer, registered in the north of Minas Gerais, from 2008 to 2017. Results: A total of 4395 hospitalizations were registered during the study period, with a significant increase between the years 2008 and 2016. The male sex was responsible for 81.52% of hospitalizations. On the other hand, the mortality rate was higher in females, but the number of deaths was predominant in males (78.98%). The most affected age group was 50-59 years old, with a predominance of brown breed. Montes Claros and Bocaiúva were the most affected regions. In addition, there was a private service domain, with 67.40%. Conclusion: These data allowed to characterize the epidemiological and hospital profile of esophageal cancer in the North of Minas Gerais. It seems  that brown men have a high rate of hospitalization due to the disease. Due to the progressive increase in the number of hospitalizations due to esophageal cancer and the great socioeconomic impact of this disease in our country, there is a need for improvement in public policies to prevent this disease




Abstract: Esophageal cancer is one of the most common neoplasms and the fourth most common in the male population. Objective: To analyze the epidemiological and hospital profile of esophageal cancer in the North of Minas Gerais, in order to identify changes that may subsidize actions to promote the reduction of this disease. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, whose data source was the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System (SIH/SUS). The target population was composed of patients with esophageal cancer, registered in the north of Minas Gerais, from 2008 to 2017. Results: A total of 4395 hospitalizations were registered during the study period, with a significant increase between the years 2008 and 2016. The male sex was responsible for 81.52% of hospitalizations. On the other hand, the mortality rate was higher in females, but the number of deaths was predominant in males (78.98%). The most affected age group was 50-59 years old, with a predominance of brown breed. Montes Claros and Bocaiúva were the most affected regions. In addition, there was a private service domain, with 67.40%. Conclusion: These data allowed to characterize the epidemiological and hospital profile of esophageal cancer in the North of Minas Gerais. It seems  that brown men have a high rate of hospitalization due to the disease. Due to the progressive increase in the number of hospitalizations due to esophageal cancer and the great socioeconomic impact of this disease in our country, there is a need for improvement in public policies to prevent this disease. Keywords: Epidemiological profile; Esophagus; Neoplasia. North of Minas Gerais.

Palavras-chave

Epidemiological profile; Esophagus; Neoplasia. North of Minas Gerais;Perfil epidemiológico; Neoplasia de esôfago; Morbimortalidade.

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